CBSE CLASS 10TH SCIENCE SYLLABUS 2022​ is one of the important subject for the students to build a strong foundation for their future. and to pursue higher education CBSE Class 10th science help to crack entrance exams.



CBSE Class 10th Science Syllabus 2022 (TERM -1 )

Unit Term-1 Marks


 Chemical Substances-Nature and Behavior: Chapter 1,2 and 3



World of Living: Chapter 6



Natural Phenomena: Chapter 10 and 11


Unit I: Chemical Substances - Nature and Behavior (TERM -1 )

Chapter -1 Chemical reactions and equations
Chemical reactions: Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation,

Types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction.

Chapter – 2 Acids, Bases and Salts

Acids, bases and salts: Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OHions, General properties, examples and uses, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.

Chapter – 3 Metals and non – metals
Metals and nonmetals: Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and
properties of ionic compounds.

Unit II: World of Living (TERM -1 )

Chapter – 6 Life processes
Life processes: ‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants
and animals.

Unit III: Natural Phenomena (TERM-1)

Chapter – 10 Light – Reflection and Refraction
Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, center of curvature,
principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification.
Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index.
Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula (Derivation not
required); Magnification. Power of a lens.

Chapter – 11 Human eye and colorful world
Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.

CBSE Class 10th Science Syllabus 2022 (TERM-2)

Unit Term-2 Marks


Chemical Substances-Nature and Behavior: Chapter 4 and 5



World of Living: Chapter 8 and 9



Effects of Current: Chapter 12 and 13



Natural Resources: Chapter 15


Unit I: Chemical Substances - Nature and Behavior (TERM-2)

Chapter – 4 Carbon and its compounds
Carbon compounds: Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon.Homologous

Chapter – 5 Periodic classification of elements
Periodic classification of elements: Need for classification, early attempts at classification of elements
(Dobereiner’s Triads, Newland’s Law of Octaves, Mendeleev’s Periodic Table), Modern periodic table,
gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties

Unit II: World of Living (TERM-2)

Chapter – 8 How do organisms reproduce?
Reproduction: Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need and
methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS.Child bearing and women’s health.

Chapter – 9 Heredity and Evolution
Heredity: Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief

Unit IV: Effects of Current (TERM-2)

Chapter – 12 Electricity
Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series
combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating
effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I
and R.

Chapter – 13 Magnetic effects of current
Magnetic effects of current: Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field
due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left Hand
Rule, Electric Motor, Electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current.
Fleming’s Right Hand Rule.

Unit V: Natural Resources (TERM-2)

Chapter – 15 Our Environment
Our environment: Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their
solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.


Note: Learners are assigned to read the below listed part of Unit V. They can be encouraged to
prepare a brief write up on any one concept of this Unit in their Portfolio. This may be an
assessment for Internal Assessment and credit may be given (Periodic assessment/Portfolio).
This portion of the Unit is not to be assessed in the year-end examination.

Chapter – 16 Management of natural resources: Conservation and judicious use of natural
resources. Forest and wild life; Coal and Petroleum conservation.Examples of people’s participation for
conservation of natural resources. Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives, if any. Water
harvesting.Sustainability of natural resources.

CBSE CLASS 10th Science Practicals 2022

Practical should be conducted alongside the concepts taught in theory classes.

1. A. Finding the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator:
(i) Dilute Hydrochloric Acid
(ii) Dilute NaOH solution
(iii) Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution
(iv) Lemon juice
(v) Water
(vi) Dilute Hydrogen Carbonate solution
B. Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) on the basis of their reaction with:
a) Litmus solution (Blue/Red)
b) Zinc metal
c) Solid sodium carbonate

2. Performing and observing the following reactions and classifying them into:
A. Combination reaction
B. Decomposition reaction
C. Displacement reaction
D. Double displacement reaction
(i) Action of water on quicklime
(ii) Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals
(iii) Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution
(iv) Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions.

3. A. Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions:
(i) ZnSO4(aq)
(ii) FeSO4(aq)
(iv)Al2 (SO4)3(aq)
B. Arranging Zn, Fe, Cu and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the
above result

4. Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.

5. Determination of the focal length of (i) Concave mirror and (ii) Convex lens by obtaining the
image of a distant object.

6. Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of
incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, angle of emergence and
interpret the result.

7. Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism.

Practical should be conducted alongside the concepts taught in theory classes.

1. Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing
through it and determining its resistance. Also plotting a graph between V and I

2. Studying (a) binary fission in Amoeba, and (b) budding in yeast and Hydra with the help of
prepared slides.


  • Science-Textbook for class IX-NCERT Publication
  • Science-Text book for class X- NCERT Publication
  • Assessment of Practical Skills in Science-Class IX – CBSE Publication
  • Assessment of Practical Skills in Science- Class X- CBSE Publication
  • Laboratory Manual-Science-Class IX, NCERT Publication
  • Laboratory Manual-Science-Class X, NCERT Publication
  • Exemplar Problems Class IX – NCERT Publication
  • Exemplar Problems Class X – NCERT Publication
Unit Marks

Total Theory (Term I+II)


Internal Assessment: Term I 


Internal Assessment: Term II 


Grand Total


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